The Cimetiere de Montparnasse

The Cimetière du Montparnasse is a famous cemetery in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris, France. It is in the 14ème arrondissement.
Created from three farms in 1824, the Montparnasse cemetery was originally known as Le Cimetière du Sud. Cemeteries had been banned from Paris since the shutting down of the Cimetière des Innocents in 1786 on the fringe of Les Halles food market on the grounds that it presented a health hazard. Several new cemeteries outside of the precincts of the capital replaced all the Parisian ones in the early 19th century, Cimetière de Montmartre in the north, Le Cimetière Père Lachaise in the east and Cimetière du Montparnasse in the south. At the heart of the city, and today, sitting in the shadow of the Eiffel Tower, is Cimetière de Passy.

Montparnasse Cemetery is the eternal home of many of France’s intellectual and artistic elite as well as publishers and others who promoted the works of writers and artists. There are also monuments to police and firefighters killed in the line of duty in the city of Paris.

Because of the many notable people buried there, it is a highly popular tourist attraction.

Among the people buried here are:

Alexandre Alekhine, Russian-born chess world champion
Jean-Michel Atlan, poet and painter
Georges Auric, composer, member of Les Six
Frédéric Bartholdi, sculptor of the Statue of Liberty
Maryse Bastie (1898-1952), pioneer aviatrix
Jane Bathori, opera singer
Charles Baudelaire
William-Adolphe Bouguereau, painter
Antoine Bourdelle, sculptor
Jacques Becker (1906-1960), filmmaker
Samuel Beckett, Irish writer
Simone de Beauvoir, feminist philosopher
Constantin Brancusi, sculptor
Brassaï, photographer
Roger Caillois (1913-1978), writer
Jean Carmet, actor
André Citroën automobile manufacturer
Gaspard Coriolis (1792-1843), mathematician
Jules Dalou (1838-1902), sculptor
Jacques Demy (1931-1990), film director
Robert Desnos, poet
Porfirio Díaz, longest serving Mexican President
Alfred Dreyfus, military officer
Jules Dumont d’Urville, explorer
Marguerite Duras, writer
Henri Fantin-Latour, painter
Léon-Paul Fargue, poet and essayist
Ernest Flammarion (1846-1936), publisher
César Franck, composer
Othon Friesz (1879-1949), painter
Charles Garnier, builder of the Paris Opera
Serge Gainsbourg, poet and singer
François Gérard, painter
Clara Haskil (1895-1960), pianist
Jean Antoine Houdon, sculptor
Joris-Karl Huysmans, writer
Eugène Ionesco, playwright
Joëlle (1953-1982), American born French singer
Pierre Larousse, French author of a well-known dictionary
Henri Laurens sculptor, engraver
Alphonse Laveran (1845-1922), physician, parasitologist
Sylvia Lopez (1931-1959), actress
Guy de Maupassant, writer
Adah Menken (1835-1868), actress, poet
Mireille (1906-1996), singer, composer
Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian leader
Jean Pierre Rampal, Flutist
Man Ray, photographer
Maria Montez (1912-1951), actress
Maurice Pialat (1925-2003), film director
Jean Poiret (1926-1992), actor, film director
François Rude, sculptor
Jean Sablon (1906-1994), singer
Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, literary critic, author
Camille Saint-Saens, composer
Georges Sand, writer
Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher
Claude Sautet (1924-2000), film director
Jean Seberg, American actress
Delphine Seyrig (1932-1990), actress
Tristan Tzara, poet and essayist
César Vallejo (1892-1938), Peruvian poet
Adolphe Willette (1857-1926), painter
Ossip Zadkine, Russian-born sculptor
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